The Index was created by AlphaShares and is designed to measure and monitor the performance of publicly issued common equity securities of publicly-traded companies and REITs which are open to foreign ownership and derive a majority of their revenues from real estate development, management and/or ownership of property in China or the Special Administrative Regions of China such as Hong Kong and Macau. Proprietary and third-party financial and economic information and research are utilized to: (1) identify potential Index constituents and verify that such companies derive a majority of their revenue from property in China or the Special Administrative Regions of China; and (2) calculate the number of shares of each potential Index constituent outstanding, adjusted for free-float, for usage in the modified float-adjusted market capitalization weighting methodology. To ensure adequate liquidity, constituents must have a market capitalization of $500 million or greater for initial inclusion in the Index. A market capitalization of $250 million or greater is required for ongoing inclusion in the Index. The Index is maintained by Standard & Poor’s (the “Index Administrator”), and is rebalanced and reconstituted annually. The AlphaShares Index Committee will meet annually in October to review the Index methodology. Any changes to the methodology will be communicated to the Index Administrator the next business day and will be publicly disclosed at least 10 business days prior to implementation of the change.
AlphaShares China Real Estate Index
China Real Estate Exposure. To be considered for inclusion in the Index, a company must derive a majority of its revenues from real estate development, management and/or ownership of property in mainland China or the Special Administrative Regions of China such as Hong Kong and Macau. These companies include a) Hong Kong-based real estate management companies and REITs and b) mainland China-based real estate management companies and REITs.
Investability. To ensure adequate investability, only shares open to foreign ownership that meet the criteria below are eligible for inclusion:
China A-shares are not eligible.
China B-shares are not eligible.
Hong Kong listed securities including China H-shares and Red Chips are eligible.
N-Shares trading in New York and their equivalents trading in other foreign markets are eligible.
Equity Securities. Only publicly issued common equity securities, including REITs, are eligible for inclusion in the Index. Debt or quasi-debt securities, such as convertible securities, are not eligible for inclusion.
Depositary Receipts. ADRs, ADSs, GDRs and IDRs are eligible for inclusion in the Index if they meet the other eligibility criteria set forth in this section. The Index will not include different depositary receipts (or a depositary receipt and the underlying stock) of the same issuer.
Market Capitalization. The Index will include equity securities of companies of all categories of market capitalizations, subject to the following requirements: To ensure adequate liquidity, constituents must have a market capitalization of $500 million or greater for initial inclusion in the Index. A market capitalization of $250 million or greater is required for ongoing inclusion in the Index.
Target Weights. The Index uses a modified float-adjusted market capitalization weighting methodology to weight individual positions. The weight of any one position cannot be greater than 5.0% of the Index at the time of each rebalance.
Rebalancing. Except in unusual circumstances (including, but not limited to, tender offers, mergers, spin-offs, or the acquisition or bankruptcy of the company or similar corporate actions), the Index is rebalanced and reconstituted annually. The AlphaShares Index Committee will meet annually in October to review the Index methodology. Any changes to the methodology will be communicated to the Index Administrator the next business day and will be publicly disclosed at least 10 days prior to the implementation of the change. IPOs that meet all the eligibility criteria and fall within the top twenty stocks by capitalization of the Index will be added at the end of each calendar quarter, on the last business day of the quarter. Any addition will be funded on a pro-rata basis from the remainder of the Index, net of any deletions. A security will be deleted from the Index immediately due to bankruptcy, acquisition or merger of the company by or into another company, spin-offs, tender offers or other similar corporate actions. In the case of such deletions, no replacement will be made until the annual rebalance. Any proceeds resulting from deletions will be invested on a pro-rata basis over the remainder of the Index, net of any additions.
RISKS AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
Investors should consider the following risk factors and special considerations associated with investing in the Fund, which may cause you to lose money.
Investment Risk. An investment in the Fund is subject to investment risk, including the possible loss of the entire principal amount that you invest.
Equity Risk. The value of the equity securities held by the Fund may fall due to general market and economic conditions, perceptions regarding the industries in which the issuers of securities held by the Fund participate, or factors relating to specific companies in which the Fund invests. For example, an adverse event, such as an unfavorable earnings report, may depress the value of equity securities of an issuer held by the Fund; the price of common stock of an issuer may be particularly sensitive to general movements in the stock market; or a drop in the stock market may depress the price of most or all of the common stocks and other equity securities held by the Fund. In addition, common stock of an issuer in the Fund’s portfolio may decline in price if the issuer fails to make anticipated dividend payments because the issuer of the security experiences a decline in its financial condition. Common stock is subordinated to preferred stocks, bonds and other debt instruments in a company’s capital structure, in terms of priority to corporate income, and therefore will be subject to greater dividend risk than preferred stocks or debt instruments of such issuers. In addition, while broad market measures of common stocks have historically generated higher average returns than fixed income securities, common stocks have also experienced significantly more volatility in those returns.
China Investment Risk. Investing in securities of Chinese companies involves additional risks, including, but not limited to: the economy of China differs, often unfavorably, from the U.S. economy in such respects as structure, general development, government involvement, wealth distribution, rate of inflation, growth rate, allocation of resources and capital reinvestment, among others; the central government has historically exercised substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through administrative regulation and/or state ownership; and actions of the Chinese central and local government authorities continue to have a substantial effect on economic conditions in China. In addition, previously the Chinese government has from time to time taken actions that influence the prices at which certain goods may be sold, encourage companies to invest or concentrate in particular industries, induce mergers between companies in certain industries and induce private companies to publicly offer their securities to increase or continue the rate of economic growth, control the rate of inflation or otherwise regulate economic expansion. It may do so in the future as well, potentially having a significant adverse effect on economic conditions in China, the economic prospects for, and the market prices and liquidity of, the securities of China companies and the payments of dividends and interest by China companies.
From time to time, certain of the companies comprising the Index that are located in China may operate in, or have dealings with, countries subject to sanctions or embargoes imposed by the U.S. government and the United Nations and/or in countries identified by the U.S. government as state sponsors of terrorism. One or more of these companies may be subject to constraints under U.S. law or regulations which could negatively affect the company’s performance, and/or could suffer damage to its reputation if it is identified as a company which invests or deals with countries which are identified by the U.S. government as state sponsors of terrorism or subject to sanctions. As an investor in such companies, the Fund is indirectly subject to those risks.
Foreign Investment Risk. The Fund’s investments in non-U.S. issuers may involve unique risks compared to investing in securities of U.S. issuers, including greater market volatility than U.S. securities and less complete financial information than for U.S. issuers. In addition, adverse political, economic or social developments could undermine the value of the Fund’s investments or prevent the Fund from realizing the full value of its investments. Financial reporting standards for companies based in foreign markets differ from those in the United States. Finally, the value of the currency of the country in which the Fund has invested could decline relative to the value of the U.S. dollar, which may affect the value of the investment to U.S. investors. The Fund will not enter into transactions to hedge against declines in the value of the Fund’s assets that are denominated in a foreign currency. In addition, the underlying issuers of certain depositary receipts, particularly unsponsored or unregistered depositary receipts, are under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications to the holders of such receipts, or to pass through to them any voting rights with respect to the deposited securities.
Emerging market countries are countries that major international financial institutions, such as the World Bank, generally consider to be less economically mature than developed nations. Emerging market countries can include every nation in the world except the United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and most countries located in Western Europe. Investing in foreign countries, particularly emerging market countries, entails the risk that news and events unique to a country or region will affect those markets and their issuers. Countries with emerging markets may have relatively unstable governments, may present the risks of nationalization of businesses, restrictions on foreign ownership and prohibitions on the repatriation of assets. The economies of emerging markets countries also may be based on only a few industries, making them more vulnerable to changes in local or global trade conditions and more sensitive to debt burdens or inflation rates. Local securities markets may trade a small number of securities and may be unable to respond effectively to increases in trading volume, potentially making prompt liquidation of holdings difficult or impossible at times.
Financial Services Sector Risk. The financial services industries are subject to extensive government regulation, can be subject to relatively rapid change due to increasingly blurred distinctions between service segments, and can be significantly affected by availability and cost of capital funds, changes in interest rates, the rate of corporate and consumer debt defaults, and price competition. In addition, the deterioration of the credit markets since late 2007 generally has caused an adverse impact in a broad range of markets, including U.S. and international credit and interbank money markets generally, thereby affecting a wide range of financial institutions and markets. In particular, events in the financial sector since late 2008 have resulted, and may continue to result, in an unusually high degree of volatility in the financial markets, both domestic and foreign. These events have included the U.S. government’s placement of the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation under conservatorship, the bankruptcy filing of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc., the sale of Merrill Lynch to Bank of America, the U.S. government support of American International Group, Inc., the sale of Wachovia to Wells Fargo, reports of credit and liquidity issues involving certain money market mutual funds, and emergency measures by the U.S. and foreign governments banning short-selling. This situation has created instability in the financial markets and caused certain financial services companies to incur large losses. Numerous financial services companies have experienced substantial declines in the valuations of their assets, taken action to raise capital (such as the issuance of debt or equity securities), or even ceased operations. These actions have caused the securities of many financial services companies to experience a dramatic decline in value. Moreover, certain financial companies have avoided collapse due to intervention by the U.S. or foreign regulatory authorities (such as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Federal Reserve System), but such interventions have often not averted a substantial decline in the value of such companies’ common stocks. Issuers that have exposure to the real estate, mortgage and credit markets have been particularly affected by the foregoing events and the general market turmoil, and it is uncertain whether or for how long these conditions will continue.
Real Estate Securities and REIT Risk. The Fund invests in companies in the real estate industry, including REITs. Therefore, the Fund is subject to the risks associated with investing in real estate, which may include possible declines in the value of real estate, increased competition and other risks related to national, state or local real estate conditions, obsolescence of properties, changes in the availability, cost and terms of mortgage funds (including changes in interest rates), the impact of changes in environmental laws and possible environmental liabilities, overbuilding in a real estate company’s market, increases in operating costs and property taxes, changes in zoning laws, casualty or condemnation losses, regulatory limitations on rent and fluctuations in rental income.
Certain real estate securities have a relatively small market capitalization, which may tend to increase the volatility of the market price of these securities. Real estate securities are dependent upon specialized management skills, have limited diversification and are, therefore, subject to risks inherent in operating and financing a limited number of projects. Real estate securities are also subject to heavy cash flow dependency and defaults by borrowers.
In addition, the federal tax requirement that a REIT distribute substantially all of its net income to its shareholders may result in a REIT having insufficient capital for future expenditures. The value of a REIT can depend on the structure of and cash flow generated by the REIT. In addition, like mutual funds, REITs have expenses, including advisory and administration fees, that are paid by their shareholders. As a result, you will absorb duplicate levels of fees when the Fund invests in REITs. In addition, REITs are subject to certain provisions under federal tax law. The failure of a company to qualify as a REIT could have adverse consequences for the Fund, including significantly reducing return to the Fund on its investment in such company.
Limited Exposure Risk. China A-Shares and China B-Shares are not eligible for inclusion in the Index, even if they would otherwise qualify under the other criteria set forth under “Index Construction.” China A-Shares are subject to substantial restrictions on foreign investment, while the China B-Share market generally is smaller and offers less liquidity than the categories of securities which may be included in the Index. However, by excluding such shares from the Index, the exposure provided by the Index (and thus the Fund) to the Chinese presence in the sector may be more limited than would be the case if the Index included China A-Shares or China B-Shares.
Small and Medium-Sized Company Risk. Investing in securities of small and medium-sized companies involves greater risk than is customarily associated with investing in more established companies. These companies’ securities may be more volatile and less liquid than those of more established companies. These securities may have returns that vary, sometimes significantly, from the overall stock market.
Micro-Cap Company Risk. Micro-cap stocks involve substantially greater risks of loss and price fluctuations because their earnings and revenues tend to be less predictable (and some companies may be experiencing significant losses), and their share prices tend to be more volatile and their markets less liquid than companies with larger market capitalizations. Micro-cap companies may be newly formed or in the early stages of development, with limited product lines, markets or financial resources and may lack management depth. In addition, there may be less public information available about these companies. The shares of micro-cap companies tend to trade less frequently than those of larger, more established companies, which can adversely affect the pricing of these securities and the future ability to sell these securities. Also, it may take a long time before the Fund realizes a gain, if any, on an investment in a micro-cap company.
Non-Correlation Risk. The Fund’s return may not match the return of the Index for a number of reasons. For example, the Fund incurs a number of operating expenses not applicable to the Index, and incurs costs in buying and selling securities, especially when rebalancing the Fund’s securities holdings to reflect changes in the composition of the Index.
The Fund may not be fully invested at times, either as a result of cash flows into the Fund or reserves of cash held by the Fund to meet redemptions and expenses. If the Fund utilizes a sampling approach, its return may not correlate as well with the return on the Index, as would be the case if it purchased all of the securities in the Index with the same weightings as the Index.
Replication Management Risk. Unlike many investment companies, the Fund is not “actively” managed. Therefore, it would not necessarily sell a security because the security’s issuer was in financial trouble unless that security is removed from the Index.
Issuer-Specific Changes. The value of an individual security or particular type of security can be more volatile than the market as a whole and can perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. The value of securities of smaller issuers can be more volatile than that of larger issuers.
Non-Diversified Fund Risk. The Fund is considered non-diversified and can invest a greater portion of assets in securities of individual issuers than a diversified fund. Even though no single security weight may exceed 5% of the Index at the time of each annual rebalance, changes in the market value of the Index’s constituent securities may result in the Fund being invested in the securities of individual issuers (and making additional such investments in the case of creations of additional Creation Units) in greater proportions. As a result, changes in the market value of a single investment could cause greater fluctuations in share price than would occur in a diversified fund.
The Fund’s Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund has not been guaranteed, sponsored, recommended, or approved by the United States, or any agency, instrumentality or officer of the United States, has not been insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and is not guaranteed by and is not otherwise an obligation of any bank or insured depository institution.
As with any investment, you should consider how your investment will be taxed. The tax information contained in the prospectus is provided as general information. Investors should consult their own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment as Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC does not offer tax advice.
The Fund will issue and redeem Shares at NAV only in a large specified number of Shares called a “Creation Unit” or multiples thereof. A Creation Unit consists of 50,000 Shares. The Fund generally issues and redeems Creation Units principally in-kind. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities of the Fund. Individual Shares of the Fund may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Shares of the Fund are listed for trading on NYSE Arca, Inc. (“NYSE Arca”) and because Shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, Shares of the Fund may trade at a price greater than or less than NAV.
Investors buying or selling ETF shares on the secondary market may incur brokerage costs and other transactional fees. Shares of ETFs may fluctuate in price due to daily changes in trading volume. At times, shares may not have a high volume of trading.
The Fund and its Shares are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by AlphaShares, Inc. (“Licensor”) and its affiliates. Licensor makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, to the shareholders of the Fund or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in the Fund particularly or the ability of the Index to track general stock market performance. The Licensor’s only relationship to Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors, LLC (“Licensee”) is the licensing of certain trademarks and trade names of AlphaShares and of the Index, which is determined, composed and calculated by Licensor without regard to Licensee or the Fund. Licensor has no obligation to take the needs of the Licensee or the shareholders of the Fund into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the Index. Licensor shall not be liable to any person for any error in the Index nor shall it be under any obligation to advise any person of any error therein.
Dow Jones, its affiliates, sources and distribution agents (together, the “Indicative Value Calculation Agent”) shall not be liable to the Investment Adviser, any customer or any third party for any loss or damage, direct, indirect or consequential, arising from (i) any inaccuracy or incompleteness in, or delays, interruptions, errors or omissions in the delivery of the intraday indicative value with respect to the Fund (the “Indicative Value”) or any data related thereto (the “Data”) or (ii) any decision made or action taken by the Investment Adviser, any customer or third party in reliance upon the Data. The Indicative Value Calculation Agent does not make any warranties, express or implied, to the Investment Adviser, any investor in the Fund or any one else regarding the Data, including without limitation, any warranties with respect to the timeliness, sequence, accuracy, completeness, currentness, merchantability, quality or fitness for a particular purpose or any warranties as to the results to be obtained by the Investment Adviser, any investors in the Fund or other person in connection with the use of the Data. The Indicative Value Calculation Agent shall not be liable to the Investment Adviser, any investor in the Fund or other third parties for any damages, including, without limitation, loss of business revenues, lost profits or any indirect, consequential, special or similar damages whatsoever, whether in contract, tort or otherwise, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
The referenced fund is distributed by Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC. Guggenheim Investments represents the investment management business of Guggenheim Partners, LLC ("GP"), which includes Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors ("GFIA"), the investment advisers to the referenced fund. Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC is affiliated with GP and GFIA.