AlphaShares China Small Cap Index
The Index was created by AlphaShares and is designed to measure and monitor the performance of publicly-traded mainland China-based small capitalization companies. AlphaShares utilizes proprietary and third-party information and research to: (1) identify potential Index constituents; and (2) calculate the number of shares of each potential Index constituent outstanding, adjusted for free-float, for usage in the Index Provider’s modified float-adjusted market capitalization weighting methodology. To ensure adequate liquidity, constituents must have a float-adjusted market capitalization maximum of $1.5 billion and a minimum of $200 million for initial inclusion in the Index. A float-adjusted capitalization of less than $1.75 billion and greater than $150 million are required for ongoing inclusion in the Index.
The Index is maintained by the Index Administrator, and is rebalanced and reconstituted annually. The AlphaShares Index Committee will meet annually in October to review the Index methodology. Any changes to the methodology will be communicated to the Index Administrator the next business day and will be publicly disclosed at least 10 days prior to the implementation of the change. Initial public offerings (“IPOs”) that meet all the eligibility criteria and fall within the top twenty stocks by capitalization of the Index will be added at the end of each calendar quarter, on the last business day of the quarter. Any addition will be funded on a pro-rata basis from the remainder of the Index, net of any deletions. A security will be deleted from the Index immediately due to bankruptcy, acquisition or merger of the company by or into another company, spin-offs, tender offers or other similar corporate actions. In the case of such deletions, no replacement will be made until the annual rebalance. Any proceeds resulting from deletions will be invested on a pro-rata basis over the remainder of the Index, net of any additions.
AlphaShares China Small Cap Index
To be considered for inclusion in the Index, the following criteria must be met:
Chinese Companies. Only mainland China-based companies are eligible for inclusion in the Index. For purposes of the Index, companies are considered to be based in mainland China if they are so classified under the S&P BMI Country Code classification system. This system determines a company’s country of domicile by considering a number of criteria, including:
the headquarters of a company,
its registration or incorporation,
primary stock listing,
geographic source of revenue,
location of fixed assets
the residence of senior officers.
Market Capitalization. A float-adjusted capitalization maximum of $1.5 billion and a minimum of $200 million are used for initial portfolio construction and eligibility. A float-adjusted capitalization of less than $1.75 billion and greater than $150 million are required for ongoing inclusion in the Index.
Investability. Only shares open to foreign ownership are included in the Index. These include all Hong Kong listed securities including China H-Shares and Red Chips, and N-Shares trading in New York and their equivalents trading in other foreign markets. China A-Shares and China B-Shares are not eligible for inclusion in the Index.
Equity Securities. Only publicly issued common equity securities are eligible for inclusion in the Index. Debt or quasi-debt securities, such as convertible securities, are not eligible for inclusion.
Depositary Receipts. ADRs, ADSs, GDRs and IDRs are eligible for inclusion in the Index if they meet the other eligibility criteria set forth in this section. The Index will not include different depositary receipts (or a depositary receipt and the underlying stock) of the same issuer.
Target Weights. The Index uses a modified float-adjusted market capitalization weighting methodology to weight individual positions. The weight of any one GICS sector is limited to 35% of the Index at the time of each rebalance. The weight of any one position cannot be greater than 5.0% of the Index at the time of each rebalance.
Rebalancing. Except in unusual circumstances (including, but not limited to, tender offers, mergers, spin-offs, or the acquisition or bankruptcy of the company or similar corporate actions), the Index is rebalanced and reconstituted annually. The AlphaShares Index Committee will meet annually in October to review the Index methodology. Any changes to the methodology will be communicated to the Index Administrator the next business day and will be publicly disclosed at least 10 days prior to the implementation of the change. IPOs that meet all the eligibility criteria and fall within the top twenty stocks by capitalization of the Index will be added at the end of each calendar quarter, on the last business day of the quarter. Any addition will be funded on a pro-rata basis from the remainder of the Index, net of any deletions. A security will be deleted from the Index immediately due to bankruptcy, acquisition or merger of the company by or into another company, spin-offs, tender offers or other similar corporate actions. In the case of such deletions, no replacement will be made until the annual rebalance. Any proceeds resulting from deletions will be invested on a pro-rata basis over the remainder of the Index, net of any additions.
RISKS AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
Investors should consider the following risk factors and special considerations associated with investing in the Fund, which may cause you to lose money.
Investment Risk. An investment in the Fund is subject to investment risk, including the possible loss of the entire principal amount that you invest.
China Investment Risk. Investing in securities of Chinese companies involves additional risks, including, but not limited to: the economy of China differs, often unfavorably, from the U.S. economy in such respects as structure, general development, government involvement, wealth distribution, rate of inflation, growth rate, allocation of resources and capital reinvestment, among others; the central government has historically exercised substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through administrative regulation and/or state ownership; and actions of the Chinese central and local government authorities continue to have a substantial effect on economic conditions in China. In addition, previously the Chinese government has from time to time taken actions that influence the prices at which certain goods may be sold, encourage companies to invest or concentrate in particular industries, induce mergers between companies in certain industries and induce private companies to publicly offer their securities to increase or continue the rate of economic growth, control the rate of inflation or otherwise regulate economic expansion. It may do so in the future as well, potentially having a significant adverse effect on economic conditions in China, the economic prospects for, and the market prices and liquidity of, the securities of China companies and the payments of dividends and interest by China companies.
From time to time, certain of the companies comprising the Index that are located in China may operate in, or have dealings with, countries subject to sanctions or embargoes imposed by the U.S. government and the United Nations and/or in countries identified by the U.S. government as state sponsors of terrorism. One or more of these companies may be subject to constraints under U.S. law or regulations which could negatively affect the company’s performance, and/or could suffer damage to its reputation if it is identified as a company which invests or deals with countries which are identified by the U.S. government as state sponsors of terrorism or subject to sanctions. As an investor in such companies, the Fund is indirectly subject to those risks.
Equity Risk. The value of the equity securities held by the Fund may fall due to general market and economic conditions, perceptions regarding the industries in which the issuers of securities held by the Fund participate, or factors relating to specific companies in which the Fund invests. For example, an adverse event, such as an unfavorable earnings report, may depress the value of equity securities of an issuer held by the Fund; the price of common stock of an issuer may be particularly sensitive to general movements in the stock market; or a drop in the stock market may depress the price of most or all of the common stocks and other equity securities held by the Fund. In addition, common stock of an issuer in the Fund’s portfolio may decline in price if the issuer fails to make anticipated dividend payments because the issuer of the security experiences a decline in its financial condition. Common stock is subordinated to preferred stocks, bonds and other debt instruments in a company’s capital structure, in terms of priority to corporate income, and therefore will be subject to greater dividend risk than preferred stocks or debt instruments of such issuers. In addition, while broad market measures of common stocks have historically generated higher average returns than fixed income securities, common stocks have also experienced significantly more volatility in those returns.
Foreign Investment Risk. The Fund’s investments in non-U.S. issuers may involve unique risks compared to investing in securities of U.S. issuers, including greater market volatility than U.S. securities and less complete financial information than for U.S. issuers. In addition, adverse political, economic or social developments could undermine the value of the Fund’s investments or prevent the Fund from realizing the full value of its investments. Financial reporting standards for companies based in foreign markets differ from those in the United States. Finally, the value of the currency of the country in which the Fund has invested could decline relative to the value of the U.S. dollar, which may affect the value of the investment to U.S. investors. The Fund will not enter into transactions to hedge against declines in the value of the Fund’s assets that are denominated in a foreign currency. In addition, the underlying issuers of certain depositary receipts, particularly unsponsored or unregistered depositary receipts, are under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications to the holders of such receipts, or to pass through to them any voting rights with respect to the deposited securities.
Emerging market countries are countries that major international financial institutions, such as the World Bank, generally consider to be less economically mature than developed nations. Emerging market countries can include every nation in the world except the United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and most countries located in Western Europe. Investing in foreign countries, particularly emerging market countries, entails the risk that news and events unique to a country or region will affect those markets and their issuers. Countries with emerging markets may have relatively unstable governments, may present the risks of nationalization of businesses, restrictions on foreign ownership and prohibitions on the repatriation of assets. The economies of emerging markets countries also may be based on only a few industries, making them more vulnerable to changes in local or global trade conditions and more sensitive to debt burdens or inflation rates. Local securities markets may trade a small number of securities and may be unable to respond effectively to increases in trading volume, potentially making prompt liquidation of holdings difficult or impossible at times.
Industrial Sector Risk. The stock prices of companies in the industrial sector are affected by supply and demand both for their specific product or service and for industrial sector products in general. The products of manufacturing companies may face product obsolescence due to rapid technological developments and frequent new product introduction. Government regulation, world events and economic conditions may affect the performance of companies in the industrial sector. Companies in the industrial sector may be at risk for environmental damage and product liability claims.
Limited Exposure Risk. China A-Shares and China B-Shares are not eligible for inclusion in the Index, even if they would otherwise qualify under the other criteria set forth under “Index Construction.” China A-Shares are subject to substantial restrictions on foreign investment, while the China B-Share market generally is smaller and offers less liquidity than the categories of securities which may be included in the Index. However, by excluding such shares from the Index, the exposure provided by the Index (and thus the Fund) to the Chinese presence in the applicable sector may be more limited than would be the case if the Index included China A-Shares or China B-Shares.
Small Company Risk. Investing in securities of small companies involves greater risk than is customarily associated with investing in more established companies. These companies’ securities may be more volatile and less liquid than those of more established companies. These securities may have returns that vary, sometimes significantly, from the overall stock market.
Micro-cap Company Risk. Micro-cap stocks involve substantially greater risks of loss and price fluctuations because their earnings and revenues tend to be less predictable (and some companies may be experiencing significant losses), and their share prices tend to be more volatile and their markets less liquid than companies with larger market capitalizations. Micro-cap companies may be newly formed or in the early stages of development, with limited product lines, markets or financial resources and may lack management depth. In addition, there may be less public information available about these companies. The shares of micro-cap companies tend to trade less frequently than those of larger, more established companies, which can adversely affect the pricing of these securities and the future ability to sell these securities. Also, it may take a long time before the Fund realizes a gain, if any, on an investment in a micro-cap company.
Non-Correlation Risk. The Fund’s return may not match the return of the Index for a number of reasons. For example, the Fund incurs a number of operating expenses not applicable to the Index, and incurs costs in buying and selling securities, especially when rebalancing the Fund’s securities holdings to reflect changes in the composition of the Index.
The Fund may not be fully invested at times, either as a result of cash flows into the Fund or reserves of cash held by the Fund to meet redemptions and expenses. If the Fund utilizes a sampling approach, its return may not correlate as well with the return on the Index, as would be the case if it purchased all of the securities in the Index with the same weightings as the Index.
Replication Management Risk. Unlike many investment companies, the Fund is not “actively” managed. Therefore, it would not necessarily sell a security because the security’s issuer was in financial trouble unless that security is removed from the Index.
Issuer-Specific Changes. The value of an individual security or particular type of security can be more volatile than the market as a whole and can perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. The value of securities of smaller issuers can be more volatile than that of larger issuers.
Non-Diversified Fund Risk. The Fund is considered non-diversified and can invest a greater portion of assets in securities of individual issuers than a diversified fund. Even though no single security weight may exceed 5% of the Index at the time of each annual rebalance, changes in the market value of the Index’s constituent securities may result in the Fund being invested in the securities of individual issuers (and making additional such investments in the case of creations of additional Creation Units) in greater proportions. As a result, changes in the market value of a single investment could cause greater fluctuations in share price than would occur in a diversified fund.
The Fund’s Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund has not been guaranteed, sponsored, recommended, or approved by the United States, or any agency, instrumentality or officer of the United States, has not been insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and is not guaranteed by and is not otherwise an obligation of any bank or insured depository institution.
As with any investment, you should consider how your investment will be taxed. The tax information contained in the prospectus is provided as general information. Investors should consult their own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment as Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, does not offer tax advice.
The Fund will issue and redeem Shares at NAV only in a large specified number of Shares called a “Creation Unit” or multiples thereof. A Creation Unit consists of 50,000 Shares. The Fund generally issues and redeems Creation Units principally in-kind. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities of the Fund. Individual Shares of the Fund may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Shares of the Fund are listed for trading on NYSE Arca, Inc. (“NYSE Arca”) and because Shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, Shares of the Fund may trade at a price greater than or less than NAV.
Investors buying or selling ETF shares on the secondary market may incur brokerage costs and other transactional fees. Shares of ETFs may fluctuate in price due to daily changes in trading volume. At times, shares may not have a high volume of trading.
The Fund and its Shares are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by AlphaShares, Inc. (“Licensor”) and its affiliates. Licensor makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, to the shareholders of the Fund or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in the Fund particularly or the ability of the Index to track general stock market performance. The Licensor’s only relationship to Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors, LLC (“Licensee”) is the licensing of certain trademarks and trade names of AlphaShares and of the Index, which is determined, composed and calculated by Licensor without regard to Licensee or the Fund. Licensor has no obligation to take the needs of the Licensee or the shareholders of the Fund into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the Index. Licensor shall not be liable to any person for any error in the Index nor shall it be under any obligation to advise any person of any error therein.
Dow Jones, its affiliates, sources and distribution agents (together, the “Indicative Value Calculation Agent”) shall not be liable to the Investment Adviser, any customer or any third party for any loss or damage, direct, indirect or consequential, arising from (i) any inaccuracy or incompleteness in, or delays, interruptions, errors or omissions in the delivery of the intraday indicative value with respect to the Fund (the “Indicative Value”) or any data related thereto (the “Data”) or (ii) any decision made or action taken by the Investment Adviser, any customer or third party in reliance upon the Data. The Indicative Value Calculation Agent does not make any warranties, express or implied, to the Investment Adviser, any investor in the Fund or any one else regarding the Data, including without limitation, any warranties with respect to the timeliness, sequence, accuracy, completeness, currentness, merchantability, quality or fitness for a particular purpose or any warranties as to the results to be obtained by the Investment Adviser, any investors in the Fund or other person in connection with the use of the Data. The Indicative Value Calculation Agent shall not be liable to the Investment Adviser, any investor in the Fund or other third parties for any damages, including, without limitation, loss of business revenues, lost profits or any indirect, consequential, special or similar damages whatsoever, whether in contract, tort or otherwise, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
The referenced fund is distributed by Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC. Guggenheim Investments represents the investment management business of Guggenheim Partners, LLC ("GP"), which includes Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors ("GFIA"), the investment advisers to the referenced fund. Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC is affiliated with GP and GFIA.